How to Start NGO in India

A Non Governmental Organization (NGO) is an organization of certain individuals who have come together to work for a cause with a non-profit motive.  If you wish to start a NGO in India you need to get it registered either as a charitable trust or as a society registered under the societies registration act or as a company licensed under section 25 of the companies act. You can opt for any one of them by following the required procedures.

How to Start an NGO in India?

Procedure for Trust Formation
Trust is defined as an obligation annexed to the ownership of property. It comes from confidence reposed in and accepted by the owner. It requires a declaration by him to work with objectives for the benefit of another, or of another and the owner.

Creating a trust generally requires the following:

  • The name(s) of the author(s)/settler(s) of the trust
  • The name(s) of the trustee(s)
  • The name(s) if any, of the beneficiary/ies or whether it shall be the public at large
  • The name of the trust
  • The places where it’s main and other offices shall be situated
  • The property that shall devolve upon the trustee(s) under the trust for the benefit of the beneficiaries
  • An intention to divest the trust property upon the trustee(s)
  • The objects of the trust
  • The method of appointment, removal or replacement of a trustee, their rights, duties and powers etc.
  • The rights and duties of the beneficiaries
  • The method of determination of the trust

However if you wish to form a charitable trust, you are not required to obtain registration under the Indian Registration Act.

Procedure for Society Formation and Registration
A society comprises individuals who have come together by mutual consent to deliberate, plan and act together for a common objective. If you wish to form a society you need to have minimum seven persons.

All of them must be eligible to enter into a contract to form a society. If you want to have a NGO as a society, it must be registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
Forming a society requires more procedural formalities than in the case of a trust. For its inception a society requires

  • Memorandum of Association
  • Rules and Regulations

While registering, the following documents are to be filed with the registrar of societies

  • You need to send a cover letter requesting for registration of the society. The letter needs to state the various documents annexed to it. All the subscribers to the memorandum need to sign the letter. A person duly authorized by all of them to sign on their behalf is also permissible.
  • Memorandum of Association, in duplicate neatly typed and pages serially numbered.
  • Rules and Regulations/Bye-Laws, in duplicate, certified by at least three members of the governing body
  • An affidavit of the president or secretary of the society on a non-judicial stamp paper has to be duly submitted. It needs to state the relationship between the subscribers. This has to be duly attested by an oath commissioner, notary public or 1st class magistrate.
  • Documentary proof like house tax receipt, rent receipt of premises shown as registered office of the society has to be submitted. A no objection certificate from the landlord of the premises is also needed.
  • An authority duly signed by all members of the managing committee.
  • A declaration by the members, that the funds of the society shall be used for furthering the aims and objects of the society only.

Procedure for Company Formation Under Section 25 of the Companies Act
Under Section 25 of the company’s act, an association can be formed:

  • For promoting art, commerce, science, religion, charity or any other useful purpose
  • If it plans to apply its profits or other income for promoting its objects
  • If it agrees not to pay any dividend to its members

If you fulfill all these formalities the registrar will issue a certificate of incorporation from which date the company comes into existence. Your company, in that case, need not incorporate the word “Limited” or “Private Limited”.

20 thoughts on “How to Start NGO in India

  1. Radha Raman Reply

    I want to launch and run an NGO just for awareness among Indians especially the youth about Human Rights, Constitution and Environment Conservation. I want to name it as Jaago Bharatvasiyon. Please let me know whether any NGO with this nomenclature exists in India being duly registered.
    Also can a Govt. servant run an NGO?

    Plz Guide me.
    Radha Raman – Delhi

  2. ajay Reply

    i am a 45 years old medical representative working in a reputed pharma company since last 20 years now i want to start my own business but i an short of capital i can hardly invest rs 1′.5 laks i have running expense of about fifteen thousand plz suggest

  3. Scott Wilson Reply

    Mr. C.Y Bharwad,
    You are doing very well. And it is pleasant to know someone doing this much for the society. I would advise you to make your project report fantastic. Your cost benefit analysis should be perfect. And while preparing it take care,
    1. Try to convert your costs and expenses in to INVESTMENT.

    2. Try to show Monetory benfits as well as social benefits. And don’t forget your human resource campaign because it is the thing which government is support to do and you are doing it. So it is very very admirable.
    If we can help you somehow please let us know. We would consider it as our privileged to help you.
    And all the best for your social activity. May god always be with you. If you need any help which we can be able to do please let us know.
    Thank you.
    Mr. Scott from

  4. S B Reply

    I have private limited company in UP, India and want to do work as NGO based, so please update me, can I do the work as NGO with our private limited company? I am really interested in doing charity in my city, I want to help people in education, so they can start better living.

  5. jerin Reply

    We are a group of youngsters who wants to do something for the needy, poor people out there in or country. Some of my friends are working in Middle East and all. For the last 6 months we have done some works like distributing school fees for poor children and helping old age homes.

    We are thinking of starting a charitable trust so that we can serve in a organized and professional way. We are very much ignorant about how to start. We are a group of about 8-10 people only but we are sure we will expand.

    Can you suggest us the best way forward? We are looking for something having minimum paperwork and other financial liabilities as we are a small group, Your valuable advice please

  6. mary Reply

    Since two years I am running a small hostel for the widows’ children i.e. fatherless children and motherless children. Now the total number of children in the hostel is 14. One of my friends in US is sending me $300 to take care of these kids.
    Now I would like to form as a Trust. Please guide me in this matter.

  7. A F Reply

    Hello, We are running a small NGO that works in to improve the lives of people. We are 5 members in executive body and 3 members in general body. Due to some some problem we want to remove chairman of NGO. How we can remove?

  8. shane Reply

    Hello all, I am working with a software company. and I am interested to help poor child in the field of education . So please suggest me the process to start a NGO. How much investment is required to run it in a safe mode? Waiting for your answer.
    Thank you.

  9. RK Reply

    Hello Sir,
    I want to start an NGO that’s base will be environment. Is there anybody who can suggest me how can I start it. I’ve idea on which I’ve to work but how to organize it that the point I am not getting. How should I organize team or management. I want to make properly. Advise me.
    Thank you.

  10. TA Reply

    Thank you.
    I want to start an NGO that’s base will be environment. Is there anybody who can suggest me how can I start it. I’ve idea on which I’ve to work but how to organize it that the point I am not getting. How should I organize team or management. I want to make properly.
    Advise me.

  11. HR Reply

    Dear sir.
    This is HR from Etawah, I have done diploma in fashion designing and have 4 yrs experience in garment export house, and now I want to start my own NGO based on garments stitching and hand embroidery house based fro poor and widower ladies and girls and made them self employed. I will teach them hand embroidery and garments stiching and after that help to build up their home based work, artificial jewelry and hand craft.
    Thank you.

  12. Rashmi Reply


    Me and my father wanted to start up an NGO . I worked as HR for a software company and my father is a business man. We really want to get in to social work where in we can help people to get awareness about AIDS , and we want to help poor children for there education. We have registered NGO forming a group but we are blank about how to proceed with it as we are very new to this. We are ready to fund for our own NGo but we need help to make our group big. We need youngsters to take part in this and help to find funders and to start with awareness camps .. Anybody interested in joining us please contact me …
    Thank you ..

  13. Osborne lobo Reply

    My son, Age 23 is a Catastrophe Risk Analyst working in New Jersey. He wishes to setup a NGO in Chandigarh, India to help educating a bright student from the economically weaker society.

  14. Chirag Reply

    Hello sir,
    This is Chirag from Jaipur, I am intrested in opening a orphanage for about 12-15 children. I have enough sources and income to take care of them. I just wanted to know that what are the legal issues i have to fullfill and from where to start ?

  15. RJ Reply

    Hello Ajay ,

    As you are experienced it pharma why don’t you start as dealer/wholesaler of medical. You have knowledge of the concern field and will be easier for you to deliver result out of it still if you choose to go for some other business then first you need to analyse the area you are residing and the need to explore the need and growth oppurtunity of your region.
    Thank you.

  16. TS Reply


    I would also like to be a part of it. It has been long that I have been working for my self and for my daily expenses. But now it time for me to start doing something that removes the hollowness within me. Please make me a part of it.
    Thank you.

  17. SS Reply

    I am in middle east for last 7 years, I belong to a small town in Rampur India. I wants to help poor kids for their education and also want to start a coaching center for poor students. But i don’t know how to start with. can someone help me?
    I want someone who can manage coaching center in my absence.
    Thank you.

  18. BR Reply

    Hello Mr.Wilson,

    We have started an N.G.O in Feb 2011 we have done 15 camps so far. Our N.G.O name is Sanjeevini socitey. We are situated in Karnataka state, India. We are looking for someone who are interested in donation for a good cause. Our N.G.O’s mission is to take care of AIDS affected people. Right now we are conducting many other camps also for educating rural people on afforestation, AIDS and many other topics. Is there any possibility for you to extend your hands to support us. We have registered our N.G.O and we are lookng for someone who is really keen in donation for a noble cause.


  19. Scott Wilson Reply

    I respect the idea and I am really impressed with your feelings. If earning money is not your motive, you should go with this idea and you can do wonders. You may not know what a great Social activity you are going to do. You are going to provide employment to many women. It is a great thing to do. Please feel free to ask if you have any queries regarding this.
    Thank you.

  20. JC White Reply

    So what do you need from our side? If you have questions or queries you can post it here.

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